The Five Books of Moses in the TorahThe word "Torah" is a tricky one, because it can mean different things in different contexts. But the word "torah" can also be used to refer to the entire Jewish bible the body of scripture known to non-Jews as the Old Testament and to Jews as the Tanakh or Written Torah , or in its broadest sense, to the whole body of Jewish law and teachings. To Jews, there is no "Old Testament. This is a list of the books of Written Torah, in the order in which they appear in Jewish translations, with the Hebrew name of the book, a translation of the Hebrew name where it is not the same as the English name , and English names of the books where it is not the same as the Hebrew name. The Hebrew names of the first five books are derived from the first few words of the book.
What is the Torah? Read on to learn more about these first five books of the Bible and the message behind the stories they present. In the first book of the Torah, Genesis, we see God create a good and perfect world. Included in His creation was mankind, which was to act as God's representatives on earth. Mankind, however, had other ideas and chose to define what was good and evil for themselves. After this decision, things get bad for mankind — so bad that God has to eventually destroy them all with the flood and start over.
There are a few different names for the Five Books of Moses:. Although there is plenty of controversy over the authorship of the Torah, in Judaism, it is believed that Moses was responsible writing the five books. In Hebrew, these books have very different names, each taken from the first Hebrew word that appears in the book. They are:. In Judaism, the Five Books of Moses are traditionally recorded in scroll form. This scroll is used weekly in synagogues in order to read the weekly Torah portions.
The Twelve were all formerly written on a single scroll and thus reckoned as one book. The number of books in the Hebrew canon is thus 24, referring to the sum of the separate scrolls on which these works were traditionally written in ancient times. This figure is first cited in II Esdras in a passage usually dated about ce and is frequently mentioned in rabbinic postbiblical literature, but no authentic tradition exists to explain it. Josephus , a 1st-century- ce Jewish historian, and some of the Church Fathers, such as Origen the great 3rd-century Alexandrian theologian , appear to have had a book canon. English Bibles list 39 books for the Old Testament because of the practice of bisecting Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles and of counting Ezra, Nehemiah, and the 12 Minor Prophets as separate books.
Outline of Bible-related topics.
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In the beginning...
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. The Torah is the first part of the Jewish bible. It is the central and most important document of Judaism and has been used by Jews through the ages. They believe that the Torah shows how God wants Jews to live. It contains commandments and Jews refer to the ten best known of these as the ten 10 statements. The Torah is written in Hebrew, the oldest of Jewish languages. It is also known as Torat Moshe, the Law of Moses.