Microwave Filters, Impedance-Matching Networks, and Coupling Structures - Download linkOraizi and M. Esfahlan Full Article PDF 2, KB Abstract: The method of least squares MLS is used to develop an algorithm for the optimum design of any type of filter under any design specifications for the realization of lowpass, bandpass, highpass and bandstop characteristics. The proposed filter design method can be used for any general filter network topology, which provides high flexibility for the selection of circuit configurations suitable for any desired application. The MLS filter design procedure also incorporates source and load impedance matching, which eventually leads to the simplicity of circuits. The proposed method of filter design may be used for lowpass prototype filters or directly for bandpass, highpass or bandpass filters. Several examples of MLS filter designs are given, which compare very well with the classical methods and indicate the advantages of the proposed method of filter design. The MLS filter design may realize any frequency response characteristics, such as spurious response elimination, multiband filter realization and enhancement of some desired behaviors.
Double shunt stub matching network problem solving using smith chart by Prof Niraj Kumar VIT Chennai
Microwave Filters, Impedance-Matching Networks, and Coupling Structures (Artech Microwave Library)
Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics. The problems of designing stripline and microstrip bandpass filters with mixed coupling, including the magnetic and electric components of the interaction, are considered. It is shown that the transmission zeros corresponding to mixed coupling coefficients can be shifted along the frequency axis by changing the shape of the stepped-impedance resonators. It is confirmed that N -resonator planar filters can have N —1 transmission zeros. Designs of microstrip filters with combined coupling, which include mixed coupling and the traditionally used magnetic and electric coupling, are proposed. It is shown that the number of transmission zeros of such filters is smaller than for filters with only mixed coupling, but their designing and tuning are less labor-consuming.
Commensurate line circuits are electrical circuits composed of transmission lines that are all the same length; commonly one-eighth of a wavelength. Lumped element circuits can be directly converted to distributed-element circuits of this form by the use of Richards' transformation. This transformation has a particularly simple result; inductors are replaced with transmission lines terminated in short-circuits and capacitors are replaced with lines terminated in open-circuits. Commensurate line theory is particularly useful for designing distributed-element filters for use at microwave frequencies. It is usually necessary to carry out a further transformation of the circuit using Kuroda's identities. There are several reasons for applying one of the Kuroda transformations; the principal reason is usually to eliminate series connected components. In some technologies, including the widely used microstrip , series connections are difficult or impossible to implement.