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Shivaji the Maratha his life and times
Chhatrapati Shivaji was the famous Maratha king who had the utmost courage to stand against the vast ocean of Mughal rule, single-handedly. With this recognition, there was no looking back. His major breakthrough came with the Battle of Pratapgarh against Afzal Khan, the general of the Sultanate of Bijapur, which made him a hero of the Marathas overnight. He won it through sheer planning, speed and excellent generalship. This was followed by many other battles against the Sultanate of Bijapur, in warfares such as Battle of Kolhapur, Battle of Pavan Khind, Battle of Vishaalgad and others. Chhatrapati Shivaji is most famous for his valour to challenge the mighty Mughal Empire, at the time ruled by Aurangzeb. Although after this incident, Shivaji remained dormant for some time; he rose yet again against the Mughals in the year with the Battle of Sinhagad.
Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire. In , he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati emperor of his realm at Raigad. Over the course of his life, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire , Sultanate of Golkonda , and Sultanate of Bijapur , as well as European colonial powers. Shivaji's military forces expanded the Maratha sphere of influence, capturing and building forts, and forming a Maratha navy. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with well-structured administrative organisations. He revived ancient Hindu political traditions and court conventions and promoted the usage of Marathi and Sanskrit , rather than Persian , in court and administration. Shivaji's legacy was to vary by observer and time but he began to take on increased importance with the emergence of the Indian independence movement , as many elevated him as a proto-nationalist and hero of the Hindus.
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He is most remembered for his Advaita Vedantist text, the Dasbodh. His father died when Ramdas was eight, turning him into an introvert. He was engrossed in thoughts of God and yearned to meet God. At age 12 he claimed that the Hindu G Lord Ram appeared to him and advised him to count the 13 lettered Ram tarak Mantra times at least once a day. Then Lord Ram accepted him as his disciple, renaming him Ramdas. At 11, he attained enlightenment and advised by Lord Ram, started new sector on the banks of the river Krishna.