Curbing Freedom (Klan Violence): Testimony of White Tuscaloosa Residents - Hilary N. Green, PhDMembers of the Ku Klux Klan, for example, terrorized black citizens for exercising their right to vote, running for public office, and serving on juries. In response, Congress passed a series of Enforcement Acts in and also known as the Force Acts to end such violence and empower the president to use military force to protect African Americans. Even this legislation did not diminish harassment of black voters in some areas. In December , Senator Oliver H. Morton , an Indiana Republican, introduced a resolution requesting the president to communicate any information he had about certain incidents of threatened resistance to the execution of the laws of the United States. Grant submitted several War Department reports relating to events in several southern states.
Psychology in Everyday Life
This carefully edited selection of testimony from the Ku Klux Klan hearings reveals what is often left out of the discussion of Reconstruction—the central role of violence in shaping its course. The Introduction places the hearings in historical context and draws connections between slavery and p The Introduction places the hearings in historical context and draws connections between slavery and post-Emancipation violence. The documents evidence the varieties of violence leveled at freedmen and Republicans, from attacks hinging on land and the franchise to sexual violence and the targeting of black institutions. Alexander offers an outstanding contribution to the pedagogy in American, African American, and Southern history and studies.
Following Confederate defeat, violence, both rhetorical and real, swept across the region, state of Alabama, the Alabama-Mississippi line, and Tuscaloosa County. Beyond the African American community, Klan activities and anti-Reconstruction advocates also targeted white residents who supported Reconstruction project. Even University of Alabama personnel as well as other prominent white Tuscaloosa residents found themselves under attack. Neither Rev. Arad S. It also provided a forum for Whitefield to diminish their claims regarding Klan activities. On June 13, , Rev.
Grant on April 20, The act was the last of three Enforcement Acts passed by the United States Congress from to during the Reconstruction Era to combat attacks upon the suffrage rights of African Americans. The statute has been subject to only minor changes since then, but has been the subject of voluminous interpretation by courts. This legislation was asked for by President Grant and passed within one month of when the president sent the request to Congress. Grant's request was a result of the reports he was receiving of widespread racial threats in the Deep South , particularly in South Carolina. He felt that he needed to have his authority broadened before he could effectively intervene.
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