From Milk to Dairy Products - Handbook of Food Science and Technology 3 - Wiley Online LibraryUse the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Secreted from the mammary glands of mammals, milk is a complete food designed to provide newborns with energy, compounds necessary for growth, immunological protection, and so forth, which are all vital in the early stages of life. From a physicochemical point of view, milk is complex in terms of its structure, the interactions between its various components and its variability in composition based on species, breed, diet and lactation period. It is a dynamic system due to the presence of endogenous enzymes and microorganisms as well as ionic equilibria, which depend on pH and temperature, and determine the stability of dispersed elements. These physical, physicochemical and biological changes lead to instability in milk, which can be exploited during processing into a variety of dairy products, such as fermented products, cheese, cream, butter, and so on. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.
Milk and Milk products
High hydrostatic pressure technology in dairy processing: a review
Definition of milk, composition, physical and chemical properties of milk constituents and nutritive value of milk, factors affecting composition of milk, types of milk.
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Tech Dairy Technology. The course ware material is prepared as per ICAR approved syllabus for the benefit of under-graduate students already enrolled in Indian Agricultural Universities. Disclaimer: The information on this website does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of the courseware contents.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Milk has been an important food for man since the domestication of cattle and the adoption of a pastoralist agriculture. It is also the most versatile of the animal-derived food commodities and is a component of the diet in many physical forms. At the same time, however, dairy products have been increasingly perceived as unhealthy foods and a number of high quality dairy substitutes, or analogues, have been developed which have made significant inroads into the total dairy food market. Paradoxically, perhaps, the technology which, on the one hand, presents a threat to the dairy industry through making possible high quality substitutes offers, on the other hand, an opportunity to exploit new uses for milk and its components and to develop entirely new dairy products. Further, the development of products such as low fat dairy spreads has tended to blur the distinction between the dairy industry and its imitators and further broadened the range of knowledge required of dairy scientists and technologists.
Consumers demand high quality foods, which are fresh, tasty and nutritious; this has created considerable interest in the development of new food processing techniques. Presently, non-thermal techniques, including high hydrostatic pressure HHP , are regarded with special interest by the food industry. HHP also improves rennet or acid coagulation of milk without any detrimental effect on flavour, body and texture and nutrients. These characteristics offer the dairy industry numerous practical applications to produce microbially safe and minimally processed dairy products with improved characteristics. Thus HHP is a powerful tool to develop novel dairy products of better nutritional and sensory quality, novel texture and increased shelf-life. In the modern era of health consciousness, consumers are well aware regarding health and consequently about food components.
This is a list of dairy products. A dairy product is food produced from the milk of mammals. A production plant for the processing of milk is called a dairy or a dairy factory. Dairy farming is a class of agricultural , or an animal husbandry , enterprise, for long-term production of milk , usually from dairy cows but also from goats , sheep and camels , which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: List of cheeses.