Fundamentals of Qualitative Research Methods: What is Qualitative Research (Module 1)
Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
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Volume 6 , No. Abstract : Observation, particularly participant observation, has been used in a variety of disciplines as a tool for collecting data about people, processes, and cultures in qualitative research. This paper provides a look at various definitions of participant observation, the history of its use, the purposes for which it is used, the stances of the observer, and when, what, and how to observe. Information on keeping field notes and writing them up is also discussed, along with some exercises for teaching observation techniques to researchers-in-training. Key words : participant observation, qualitative research methods, field notes. The History of Participant Observation as a Method. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Participant Observation.
Bernard, H. Russell: Social research methods. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Article in KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie.
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