Mental Illness - Treatment Options - Nucleus Health
Sociology and Concepts of Mental Illness Gillian Bendelow bio Differing sociological perspectives of mental health and illness can be linked to theoretical contributions from Durkheim, Weber, Freud, Foucault, and Marx social causation, labeling theory, critical theory, social constructivism, and social realism, respectively but sociology in general, and medical sociology in particular, has often been accused of neglecting the field of mental health and illness. Certainly, as a discipline, it is unable to provide an overarching explanatory framework; rather, as Pilgrim and Rogers describe, "'sedimented layers of knowledge which overlap unevenly in time and across disciplinary boundaries and professional preoccupations" , In collaboration with sociologists of science, there is a strong tradition of challenging DSM and other psychiatric classifications to examine the social and political shaping of categories of mental disorder, including how they disappear and reappear Brown ; Manning Busfield , has made the distinction between disorders of behavior and disorders of thought, and, although Foucault's analysis of reason and madness can be placed firmly in the latter camp, the emphasis on the social and cultural relativity remains. As a paradigm, social constructivism has been highly influential in the 'deconstruction' of psychiatric diagnosis and treatment, particularly in the development of feminist and anti-racist critiques and within other vulnerable social groups. It has probably also generated the most controversy—the notion of mental illness as a 'social construct' is widely used in lay terminology and even by some mental health professionals, as Fulford and Colombo's research reveals.
The meaning of recovery from serious mental illness SMI has evolved over time. Whereas it was not even considered to be a primary goal of treatment thirty years ago, it is the main focus of mental health policy today. These changes are partially the result of the work of sociologists who were studying mental health during the time of institutional treatment and the early stages of community-based care. Despite these early influences, the sociology of mental health has largely overlooked the explicit study of recovery. This is because sociologists began shifting their focus from the study of SMI to the study of less severe mental health problems beginning in s.
Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health pp Cite as. This handbook describes the ways in which society shapes the mental health of its members and further shapes the lives of those who have been identified as mentally ill. The terms mental health and mental illness encompass a broad collection of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral phenomena. Mental illness includes, for example, the experiences of a person who speaks to a companion whom no one else can see; someone who sits silently in her room, alone, eating little and sleeping less, contemplating death; a person suddenly overwhelmed with intense anxiety for no apparent reason; an individual whose consumption of alcohol makes it difficult for him to hold a job or maintain friendships; the person who is frequently sick with no identifiable physiological disease; and, someone who lies even when the truth would be personally advantageous and feels no remorse when others are injured by his actions. Unable to display preview.