Science of Science and Reflexivity, Bourdieu, NiceIt attempts to show how science produces transhistorical truths despite the fact that scientific production occurs in specific cultural and socio-historical conditions. The aim is inspired by a fear that science is losing its autonomy to political and economic interests, a development he believes makes science "dangerous. The book concludes with a discussion of reflexivity, where he claims to apply the same critique to himself that he earlier applies to the "new sociology of science. Before addressing the substantive aim of the book, it is necessary to say a word about his terminology. When he speaks of "logicism" he is referring to the epistemological tradition associated with the Vienna Circle in the s, particularly that espoused by its exiles to America, such as Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach, and currently known as "analytic philosophy.
Creative Presence of the Researcher and Reflexivity
Science of science and reflexivity
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In epistemology , and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge , reflexivity refers to circular relationships between cause and effect , especially as embedded in human belief structures. A reflexive relationship is bidirectional with both the cause and the effect affecting one another in a relationship in which neither can be assigned as causes or effects. Within sociology more broadly—the field of origin— reflexivity means an act of self-reference where examination or action "bends back on", refers to, and affects the entity instigating the action or examination. It commonly refers to the capacity of an agent to recognize forces of socialization and alter their place in the social structure. A low level of reflexivity would result in an individual shaped largely by their environment or "society". A high level of social reflexivity would be defined by an individual shaping their own norms, tastes, politics, desires, and so on. This is similar to the notion of autonomy.
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