Elementary particle - WikipediaThe text opens with an introduction to the basic concepts used in nuclear and particle physics and then moves on to describe their respective phenomenologies and experimental methods. Later chapters explore the interpretation of data via models and theories, including the standard model of particle physics and the liquid drop model and shell model of nuclear physics. Several applications of nuclear physics are discussed, including nuclear medicine and the production of power from nuclear fission and fusion. The book closes with a chapter on outstanding problems, including extensions to the standard model, implications for particle astrophysics, improvements in medical imaging and the prospects for power production. Problems are included at the end of each chapter, with a full set of solutions provided. Accessible overview of nuclear and particle physics suitable for a first course in the subject.
Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics
What's new. It contains lecture summaries and copies of the examples sheets and previous exam papers for the course. Nuclear and particle data Particle Data Group compiles the most up-to-date listings of particle masses, decays and other properties. NIST Reference on Constants, Units and Uncertainty has up-to-date values for fundamental physical constants as well as the current definitions of the SI units and guidelines on handling experimental uncertainties. General University of Manchester Blackboard has a discussion board and other material for the course. Wikipedia can be a useful source of background information. But the articles can often be sketchy, biased or overstuffed with technical detail.
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In particle physics , an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a subatomic particle with no sub structure, thus not composed of other particles. Everyday matter is composed of atoms , once presumed to be matter's elementary particles— atom meaning "unable to cut" in Greek—although the atom's existence remained controversial until about , as some leading physicists regarded molecules as mathematical illusions, and matter as ultimately composed of energy. As the s opened, the electron and the proton had been discovered, along with the photon , the particle of electromagnetic radiation. Via quantum theory, protons and neutrons were found to contain quarks — up quarks and down quarks —now considered elementary particles. Around , an elementary particle's status as indeed elementary—an ultimate constituent of substance—was mostly discarded for a more practical outlook,  embodied in particle physics' Standard Model , what's known as science's most experimentally successful theory. All elementary particles are either bosons or fermions.
About this book
This textbook fills the gap between the very basic and the highly advanced volumes that are widely available on the subject. It offers a concise but comprehensive overview of a number of topics, like general relativity, fission and fusion, which are otherwise only available with much more detail in other textbooks. Providing a general introduction to the underlying concepts relativity, fission and fusion, fundamental forces , it allows readers to develop an idea of what these two research fields really involve. The book uses real-world examples to make the subject more attractive and encourage the use of mathematical formulae. Besides short scientists' biographies, diagrams, end-of-chapter problems and worked solutions are also included. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide.