An Introduction to Syntactic Analysis and Theory
Three studies provided evidence that syntax influences intentionality judgments. In Experiment 1, participants made either speeded or unspeeded intentionality judgments about ambiguously intentional subjects or objects. Participants were more likely to judge grammatical subjects as acting intentionally in the speeded relative to the reflective condition thus showing an intentionality bias , but grammatical objects revealed the opposite pattern of results thus showing an unintentionality bias. In Experiment 2, participants made an intentionality judgment about one of the two actors in a partially symmetric sentence e. The results revealed a tendency to treat the grammatical subject as acting more intentionally than the grammatical object. In Experiment 3 participants were encouraged to think about the events that such sentences typically refer to, and the tendency was significantly reduced. These results suggest a privileged relationship between language and central theory-of-mind concepts.
Koopman, D. Sportiche, E. Description : From the table of contents: Morphology; Syntactic analysis introduced; Clauses; Many other phrases; X-bar theory and discontinuities; The model of syntax; Binding and the hierarchical nature of phrase structure; Apparent violations of Locality of Selection; Raising and Control. Home page url. Baayen - Cambridge University Press This book provides an introduction to the statistical analysis of quantitative data for researchers studying language and language processing. Designed for linguists with a non-mathematical background, it clearly introduces the basic principles Hamilton - Committee on education Word study and English grammar are important for several reasons.
In syntactic analysis, a constituent is a word or a group of words that functions as a single unit within a hierarchical structure. The constituent structure of sentences is identified using tests for constituents. Many constituents are phrases. A phrase is a sequence of one or more words in some theories two or more built around a head lexical item and working as a unit within a sentence. The analysis of constituent structure is associated mainly with phrase structure grammars , although dependency grammars also allow sentence structure to be broken down into constituent parts. Tests for constituents are diagnostics used to identify sentence structure. There are numerous tests for constituents that are commonly used to identify the constituents of English sentences.