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Handbook of Educational Psychology
Motivation is the reason for people's actions , willingness and goals. Motivation is derived from the word motive which is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. These needs could be wants or desires that are acquired through influence of culture, society, lifestyle, etc. Motivation is one's direction to behaviour , or what causes a person to want to repeat a behaviour, a set of force that acts behind the motives. An individual's motivation may be inspired by others or events extrinsic motivation  or it may come from within the individual intrinsic motivation.
Motivation and Emotion. In a lexical decision paradigm, the findings from Experiment 1 showed that younger adults were faster to identify person cues trait words from the morality than from the competence domain, especially cues that were related to immorality. Experiment 2 compared the responses of younger and older adults. Despite the slower responses of the older adults, the findings indicated that all participants were faster at identifying cues from the morality domain than from the competence domain, with no age interactions. The findings are discussed in terms of people's chronic concern with the moral aspects of others as invariant across the lifespan, given that the morality domain is where interpersonal costs and threats are most likely to be signaled.