Philosophy of Technology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)Science and technology studies , or science, technology and society studies both abbreviated STS is the study of how society, politics, and culture affect scientific research and technological innovation , and how these, in turn, affect society , politics and culture. Like most interdisciplinary programs, STS emerged from the confluence of a variety of disciplines and disciplinary subfields, all of which had developed an interest—typically, during the s or s—in viewing science and technology as socially embedded enterprises. In the s Elting E. By , STS research centres and academic programs were counted worldwide. During the s and s, leading universities in the US, UK, and Europe began drawing these various components together in new, interdisciplinary programs.
Science and technology studies
International Journal of Technology and Design Education. Technology is frequently considered in terms of its impact on entities outside its essential nature: as the impact of technology on the environment and society, but also the impact of human values and needs on technology. By taking particular social implications of technology into account, the Science—Technology relationship can be extended to the field of Science, Technology and Society STS studies. STS studies are grounded in socio-technological understanding, that is, systematic knowledge of the mutual relationship between technical objects, the natural environment and social practice. Because technology is a key element of STS, it is expected that the philosophy of technology will have implications for STS studies. The dynamic nature of technology as such leaves its own philosophy in a tentative or flexible state.