Stephen Krashen - Google Scholar CitationsIt was written in advance of Dr. The page as shown initially contains a brief synopsis of Krashen's work in the fields of second language learning , free voluntary reading , bilingual education , whole language , cognitive development and writing. Each synopsis is followed by comments and a summary of implications for mainstream teachers of ESL students. Teachers who are interested in further information about the various issues can click [More] at the end of each section. Show all extra text. Krashen believes that there is no fundamental difference between the way we acquire our first language and our subsequent languages. He claims that humans have an innate ability that guides the language learning process.
An interview with Nick Ellis for Studies in Second Language Acquisition
Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use : The Taipei Lectures by Stephen D. Krashen
Heinemann A division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1.
To those familiar with the field of linguistics and second-language acquisition, Stephen Krashen needs no introduction. He has published well over books and articles and has been invited to deliver more than lectures at universities throughout the United States and abroad. His widely known theory of second-language acquisition has had a huge impact on all areas of second-language research and teaching since the s. This book amounts to a summary and assessment by Krashen of much of his work thus far, as well as a compilation of his thoughts about the future. Here, readers can follow.
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The input hypothesis , also known as the monitor model , is a group of five hypotheses of second-language acquisition developed by the linguist Stephen Krashen in the s and s. Krashen originally formulated the input hypothesis as just one of the five hypotheses, but over time the term has come to refer to the five hypotheses as a group. The hypotheses are the input hypothesis, the acquisition—learning hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the natural order hypothesis and the affective filter hypothesis. The input hypothesis was first published in The hypotheses put primary importance on the comprehensible input CI that language learners are exposed to. Understanding spoken and written language input is seen as the only mechanism that results in the increase of underlying linguistic competence , and language output is not seen as having any effect on learners' ability. Furthermore, Krashen claimed that linguistic competence is only advanced when language is subconsciously acquired , and that conscious learning cannot be used as a source of spontaneous language production.