Affirmative action policies
12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Affirmative Action
American history abounds with examples of discrimination against minorities and women, ranging from voting laws to admissions and hiring policies. To help rectify the historical inequalities suffered by women and minorities, President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order and Executive Order , which effectively mandate non-discriminatory policies in regards to race, religion, gender and country of origin. Many companies now employ affirmative action policies as part of their business models, but there are still some pros and cons to this practice.
Affirmative Action is a program that was designed to promote educational and vocational access for underprivileged minority groups. The idea behind the program was to counter the socioeconomic trends that had been historically developed in the United States. This allowed people who would normally not be able to attend college or work in certain careers to do so. On the other hand, Affirmative Action was also ruled to be a form of discrimination when it was implemented in its quota-based format. The program, at times, would allow for an under-qualified individual to be accepted instead of a qualified individual simply because of their minority status. Kennedy in In , Justice Lewis Powell stated that in his opinion, lawful Affirmative Action programs could still exist if they were based on reasons beyond correcting past discrimination.
Affirmative action essays organizations with their efforts to educate the public about racial and gender preferences, assisting federal representatives with public education on the issue, and monitoring implementation and legal action.
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