Innovation and its enemies pdf

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innovation and its enemies pdf

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Many scientists have seen the story first-hand: After working for years on a problem such as hunger, energy or climate change, they produce a new technology that can help to answer the challenge. But once that new technology is available, it meets intense opposition from interest groups and the public. They resist the innovation, and reject clear evidence of its value. It's an old pattern. The invention of mechanical refrigeration in the midth century alarmed the ice industry and triggered debates over the safety of refrigerated food. More recently, genetically modified, pest-resistant crops have met resistance from two groups: an agricultural sector with deep ties to the pesticide industry and activists who warn of environmental and health dangers, in spite of robust contrary evidence.
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Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations. Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that the benefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed. Similarly, innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Dec 23, This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety.

Contemporary Political Theory. It is possible to classify political regimes according to the implicit rules they follow in the construction of temporality. Hereditary monarchy strives to establish an uninterrupted continuity between the past and the future by means of royal succession. Long live the King! Aristocracies not guided by the meritocratic principle fall back on the same foundation of natural reproduction, which they transform into the mechanism of political self-perpetuation. Curiously enough, tyranny and oligarchy — the respective deficient versions of monarchy and aristocracy, identified by Aristotle in his Politics — are incapable of legitimately guaranteeing their own future, which is why they must rely so heavily on brute physical and economic force. Only in the case of democracy do we come across a political system that is constitutively open future, insofar as the limitation of terms in office introduces a healthy dose of indeterminacy and discontinuity into its workings.

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To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Keep your friends close, your enemies closer: The case for inclusive innovation policy.

Skip to search form Skip to main content. Resistance to technological change is often regarded as regressive and socially costly, caused by distributional coalitions defending their turf and preserving their rents. While there can be no doubt that sometimes this is a correct view, the reverse argument can be made that in many cases such resistance represents a logical and possibly even socially beneficial source of stability. View PDF. Save to Library.

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3 thoughts on “The future and its enemies: In defense of political hope | SpringerLink

  1. Calestous Juma. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and.

  2. The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate on the impact of technology on employment.

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