History of palestine and israel conflict pdf

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history of palestine and israel conflict pdf

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Arab-Israeli wars , series of military conflicts between Israeli and various Arab forces, most notably in —49, , , , , and Clashes broke out almost immediately between Jews and Arabs in Palestine. As British troops prepared to withdraw from Palestine, conflict continued to escalate, with both Jewish and Arab forces committing belligerences. The news of a brutal massacre there by Irgun Zvai Leumi and the Stern Gang forces spread widely and inspired both panic and retaliation. Days later, Arab forces attacked a Jewish convoy headed for Hadassah Hospital, killing The next day, Arab forces from Egypt , Transjordan Jordan , Iraq , Syria , and Lebanon occupied the areas in southern and eastern Palestine not apportioned to the Jews by the UN partition of Palestine and then captured east Jerusalem , including the small Jewish quarter of the Old City. By early the Israelis had managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip.
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Israel Palestine Conflict. Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Israel Palestine Military conflict(Hindi)

Israelis and Arabs have been fighting over Gaza on and off, for decades.

Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Zionist now Israeli Jews is a modern phenomenon, dating to the end of the nineteenth century. Although the two groups have different religions Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druze , religious differences are not the cause of the strife. The conflict began as a struggle over land. From the end of World War I until , the area that both groups claimed was known internationally as Palestine. It is a small area—approximately 10, square miles, or about the size of the state of Maryland. The competing claims to the territory are not reconcilable if one group exercises exclusive political control over all of it.

The quest for water resources by Zionist leaders started in the early years of the Zionist movement. Attempts were made to delimit Palestine according to rivers and headwaters. This quest has been independent of the political status of the territory of Palestine. The quest was intense in the early s during the Johnston negotiations, and it became especially crucial after the occupation by Israel of the rest of Palestine, the West Bank. Lebanon's Litani river has been included in Israeli considerations, as well as the Jordan river's tributary the Yarmuk river. The Kingdom of Jordan's development plans for the latter may be compromised.

situates the Arab–Israeli conflict as a core regional issue in historical context – which is of an Arab–Israeli settlement – as long as the question of Palestine is .
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We provide analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace around the world.

The history of the Israeli—Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in This conflict came from the intercommunal violence in Mandatory Palestine between Israelis and Arabs from and erupted into full-scale hostilities in the —48 civil war. The conflict continues to the present day on various levels. Before World War I , the Middle East region, including the Ottoman Syria the southern part of which are regarded as Palestine , was under the control of the Ottoman Empire for nearly years. The roots of the conflict can be traced to the late 19th century, with the rise of national movements, including Zionism and Arab nationalism. Though the Jewish aspiration to return to Zion had been part of Jewish religious thought for more than a millennium, the Jewish population of Europe and to some degree Middle East began to more actively discuss immigration back to the Land of Israel, and the re-establishment of the Jewish Nation, only during to the s, largely as a solution to the widespread persecution of Jews, and antisemitism in Russia and Europe. As a result, the Zionist movement, the modern movement for the creation of a homeland for the Jewish people, was established as a political movement in

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