The Contribution of Ujamaa to Development in Tanzania | Julius Nyerere | TanzaniaHaving described in the last chapter the validity of Nyereres ujamaa, we will now in this chapter examine the contribution which Nyereres ujamaa made to the development of Tanzania. In order to identify accurately the contributions of Nyereres ujamaa to the development of Tanzania it will be helpful to carry out the following tasks: the first task will be to examine rather briefly the state of development in Tanzania before the rise of Nyereres ujamaa. This is important because it makes it easy to identify the contributions which have been brought about specifically by Nyereres ujamaa. The second task will be to describe Nyereres view of development. This is significant because development has been defined differently by different theoreticians. A clear understanding of what Nyerere meant by development can help to make a correct assessment of the contribution of Nyereres ujamaa to Tanzania.
Tanzania: Progress Through Self-Reliance (1969)
Mohiddin Ahmed. Relevance and Development in Tanzania.. AHMED MOHIDDIN external linkages and have acquired international credibility and confidence which is essential view of the African domination by outside alien forces Indeed the creation of this breed of nt to rule was one of the first objectives of colonialism of whatever variant For this is the only effective and cheap method of not only sustain ing and perpetuating the colonial situation but also of entrenching the seeds of neocolonialism The late Sir Philip Mitchell the British colonial governor of considerable experience in East Africa was frank about his policies when he wrote What we do assert is something quite different what we have set our hands to here is the establishment of civilised state in which the values and standards are to be the values and standards of Britain in which everyone whatever his origins has an interest and part.
What Was Ujamaa and How Did It Affect Tanzania?
Ujamaa 'familyhood' in Swahili was the concept that formed the basis of Julius Nyerere 's social and economic development policies in Tanzania after it gained independence from Britain in In , President Nyerere published his development blueprint, which was titled the Arusha Declaration , in which Nyerere pointed out the need for an African model of development and that formed the basis of African socialism. The Swahili word ujamaa means 'extended family', 'brotherhood' or 'socialism'; as a political concept it asserts that a person becomes a person through the people or community. He is declared servant of God in the Roman Catholic Church for his resilient commitment to encourage the art of neighborliness among Tanzanians. The spirit of 'others' or 'community' bringing units of families together, and fostering cohesion, love and service. Nyerere used Ujamaa as the basis for a national development project. He translated the Ujamaa concept into a political-economic management model through several means:.
Ujamaa , the Swahili word for extended family, was a social and economic policy developed and implemented in Tanzania by president Julius Kambarage Nyerere — between and Based on the idea of collective farming and the "villagization" of the countryside, ujamaa also called for the nationalization of banks and industry and an increased level of self-reliance at both an individual and national level. Nyerere argued that urbanization , which had been brought about by European colonialism and was economically driven by wage labor, had disrupted the traditional pre-colonial rural African society. He believed that it was possible for his government to recreate precolonial traditions in Tanzania and, in turn, re-establish a traditional level of mutual respect and return the people to settled, moral ways of life. The main way to do that, he said, was to move people out of the urban cities like the capital Dar es Salaam and into newly created villages dotting the rural countryside. The idea for collective rural agriculture seemed like a sound idea—Nyerere's government could afford to provide equipment, facilities, and material to a rural population if they were brought together in "nucleated" settlements, each of around families.