Language Planning & PolicyLanguage Policy pp Cite as. The natural first question is: What is language policy? The question is commonly asked in books on the topic but concrete definitions are less common than discussions of language policy in terms of types, goals, or examples. This chapter will take both approaches by first examining and synthesizing definitions already in circulation and then looking at some example language policies to see how these definitions hold up. Complicating the question is the relationship between language policy and the term that preceded it, language planning.
Overview of Language Planning and Policy in Morocco
Language Planning & Policy
Language Planning and Policies Summary Steve Nicolle Language Planning and Policies Summary Some Definitions Language planning • all conscious efforts.
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Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms
The term language planning refers to measures taken by official agencies to influence the use of one or more languages in a particular speech community. American linguist Joshua Fishman has defined language planning as "the authoritative allocation of resources to the attainment of language status and corpus goals, whether in connection with new functions that are aspired to or in connection with old functions that need to be discharged more adequately" Four major types of language planning are status planning about the social standing of a language , corpus planning the structure of a language , language-in-education planning learning , and prestige planning image. Language planning may occur at the macro-level the state or the micro-level the community. Wadsworth, Joshua A. Stanford University Press,
Language planning also known as language engineering is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure or acquisition of languages or language varieties within a speech community. Goals of such planning vary. Better communication through assimilation of a single dominant language can bring economic benefits to minorities but is also perceived to facilitate their political domination. Four overarching language ideologies are purposed to explain motivations and decisions: . Eleven language planning goals have been recognized Nahir : .
Decisions around language policy and planning are made around the globe every day, both formally by governments and informally by scholars and community leaders. These decisions influence the right to use and maintain languages, affect language status, and determine which languages are nurtured. Language policy and planning decisions have a major impact on language vitality and, ultimately, on the rights of the individual. Decisions about language policies, requirements, and practices have important consequences in all social contexts. It may be undertaken with formal, official governmental sanction or reflected in unofficial and informal practices. Language planning is frequently undertaken for the expressed purpose of solving communication problems.