Material Science and Metallurgy – Mechanical EngineeringThe interdisciplinary field of materials science , also commonly termed materials science and engineering , is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment , when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry , physics , and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming. Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limits of the materials that are available and how they are used. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly.
Metallurgists and Materials Engineers are responsible for designing, producing, examining and testing materials as diverse as metallic engineering alloys, semiconductors and superconductors, ceramics, plastics and composites. This course will help students understand the properties of different types of materials and their applications. Course Contents: Module I Atomic structure of metals crystal structure, crystal lattice of i Body centered cubic ii face centered cubic iii closed packed hexagonal, crystallographic notation of atomic planes, polymorphism and allotropy, solidification of crystallization i nuclear formation crystal growth ii crystal imperfection Elementary treatment of theories of plastic deformation, phenomenon of slip twinning, dislocation, identification of crystallographic possible slip planes and direction in FCC, BCC, C. Module II Introduction to Engineering materials, their mechanical behaviour, testing and manufacturing properties of materials, physical properties of materials, classification of engineering materials. Module III General principles of phase transformation in alloys, phase rule and equilibrium diagrams, Equilibrium diagrams of Binary system in which the components form a mechanical mixture of crystals in the solid state and are completely mutually soluble in both liquid state.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements , their inter-metallic compounds , and their mixtures, which are called alloys. Metallurgy is used to separate metals from their ore. Metallurgy is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to the production of metals, and the engineering of metal components for usage in products for consumers and manufacturers. The production of metals involves the processing of ores to extract the metal they contain, and the mixture of metals, sometimes with other elements, to produce alloys. Metallurgy is distinguished from the craft of metalworking , although metalworking relies on metallurgy, as medicine relies on medical science, for technical advancement. The science of metallurgy is subdivided into chemical metallurgy and physical metallurgy. Metallurgy is subdivided into ferrous metallurgy also known as black metallurgy and non-ferrous metallurgy also known as colored metallurgy.