Causal Inference for Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences
Imbens and Donald B. Rubin in Cambridge Books from Cambridge University Press Abstract: Most questions in social and biomedical sciences are causal in nature: what would happen to individuals, or to groups, if part of their environment were changed? In this groundbreaking text, two world-renowned experts present statistical methods for studying such questions. This book starts with the notion of potential outcomes, each corresponding to the outcome that would be realized if a subject were exposed to a particular treatment or regime. In this approach, causal effects are comparisons of such potential outcomes. The fundamental problem of causal inference is that we can only observe one of the potential outcomes for a particular subject.
One of their examples is giving me trouble : I provide the code to replicate what I did at the end of the post, after a short description of the problem for those not familiar with the methodology in the book. Not surprisingly, the book advocates the use of the Rubin Causal Model RCM that uses the potential outcomes framework. We of course only observe one of these two potential outcomes for each individual depending on her treatment assignment. The crux of this framework is that it clearly turns the problem of causal inference into a missing data problem. In fact, most causal inference methods can be mapped into different ways to impute the missing outcomes. Chapter 8 of the book is about how to impute the missing potential outcomes by modeling the joint distribution of the missing and observed data and then impute the missing outcomes from the posterior predictive distribution of the missing outcomes. Their examples use the famous Lalonde data set which consists of the outcomes of a labor training experiment.
Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.
band of brothers book download
Guido W. Donald B. Rubin is John L. Loeb Professor of Statistics at Harvard University, where he has been professor since and department chair for thirteen of those years. He has authored or coauthored nearly four hundred publications including ten books , has four joint patents, and has made important contributions to statistical theory and methodology, particularly in causal inference, design and analysis of experiments and sample surveys, treatment of missing data, and Bayesian data analysis. Rubin has received the Samuel S.
Guido Imbens and Don Rubin recently came out with a book on causal inference. Imbens and Rubin come from social science and econometrics. Meanwhile, Miguel Hernan and Jamie Robins are finishing up their own book on causal inference, which has more of a biostatistics focus. Comments on table of contents and the 5 sample chapters of Causal Inference in Statistics, by Rubin and Imbens. First off, Rubin and Imbens are the leaders in the field of causal inference. Rubin also has an excellent track record, both as a researcher and as a book author.