Booker T. Washington - Biography, W.E.B. Dubois & Facts - HISTORYWashington, foremost teacher and leader of the negro race, died early today at his home here, near the Tuskegee Institute, which he founded and of which he was President. Hardening of the arteries, following a nervous breakdown, caused his death four hours after Dr. Washington arrived from New York. Although he had been in failing health for several months, the negro leader's condition became serious only last week while he was in the East. He then realized the end was near, but was determined to make the last long trip South.
Dr. Booker Taliaferro Washington
Reconstruction of the cabin where Washington lived with his mother, now part of the Booker T. Washington National Monument. His owners were James and Elizabeth Burroughs, who had moved to the acre tobacco farm in James and his sons worked in the fields alongside their slaves, and the farm was not particularly profitable. At the end of the Civil War, a Union soldier announced all the slaves on the Burroughs plantation were free. Jane, with 9-year-old Booker and his siblings, immediately moved her family to West Virginia.
Born a slave on a Virginia farm, Washington rose to become one of the most influential African-American intellectuals of the late 19th century. In , he founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to training teachers. Although Washington clashed with other black leaders such as W. Du Bois and drew ire for his seeming acceptance of segregation, he is recognized for his educational advancements and attempts to promote economic self-reliance among African Americans. Across the landscape of the most anguished era of American race relations strode the self-assured and influential Booker T.
Booker T. He was born in a slave hut but, after emancipation, moved with his family to Malden, West Virginia. Dire poverty ruled out regular schooling; at age nine he began working, first in a salt furnace and later in a coal mine. Determined to get an education , he enrolled at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute now Hampton University in Virginia , working as a janitor to help pay expenses. He graduated in and returned to Malden, where for two years he taught children in a day school and adults at night. Following studies at Wayland Seminary, Washington, D.
Jane named her son Booker Taliaferro but later dropped the second name. Booker gave himself the surname "Washington" when he first enrolled in school. Sometime after Booker's birth, his mother was married to Washington Ferguson, a slave. A daughter, Amanda, was born to this marriage. James, Booker's younger half-brother, was adopted.